站内查询
您现在的位置是:主页 > 十大老品牌网赌app > 如何正確跟寶寶手拉手
如何正確跟寶寶手拉手
2020-01-06 22:38  www.korraniha.com

???????“手拉手,一家三口一起走。”幸福家庭的經典畫面通常就是這樣的。不過,如何牽好孩子的手,可是一門“學問”。尤其是學步期左右的孩子,隨著活動能力增加,活動范圍擴大,探索世界的好奇心與日俱增,總是讓家長很操心。可是年輕的爸媽帶孩子的經驗不夠豐富,有時一不小心,反而就把寶寶的手肘給牽脫位了。這就是創傷骨科常見的一種傷——“橈骨小頭半脫位”。如何正確跟寶寶“手拉手”?南方醫科大學珠江醫院創傷骨科副主任醫師蔡保塔來給各位年輕爸媽支支招。

? ?? ?? ?? Hand in hand, a family of three. This is usually the classic picture of a happy family. However, how to hold a good child's hand, but a "learning ". Especially children around the semester, with the increase of activity, the scope of activities to expand, the curiosity to explore the world is growing, always let parents worry. But the experience of young parents with their children is not rich enough, sometimes careless, but the baby's elbow to pull off the position. This is one of the common injuries in trauma orthopedics -" subluxation of the radial head." How to "hand in hand" with baby correctly? Southern Medical University Zhujiang Hospital trauma orthopedic deputy chief physician Cai Baota to support young parents.

???????蔡保塔介紹,如果發生橈骨小頭半脫位,寶寶會因為患肢疼痛又無法言語表達而哭鬧不休,受傷的肘部會呈半屈曲狀下垂,不能屈肘或上舉,活動受限,一碰就痛。這種情況常發生于1~4歲嬰幼兒中,其中2~3歲最為常見,患兒往往有肘部被強力牽拉的病史。比如穿有袖子衣服時大人動作太粗暴、和大人嬉戲玩耍時被拉扯手臂、太調皮時大人強行控制,甚至嬰兒學翻身時自己的軀干壓住了一邊手臂而強行翻身,也可能導致橈骨小頭半脫位。所以,各位爸媽對寶寶發出的疼痛信號一定要敏感。

? ?? ?? ?? If a radial subluxation occurs, the baby will cry because the affected limb pain and cannot be expressed in words, the injured elbow will show a semi-flexion droop, cannot bend the elbow or lift up, limited movement, a touch on the pain, Cai Baota said. This occurs in infants between the ages of 1 and 4, of whom 2 and 3 are the most common, and children often have a history of having their elbows pulled strongly. Such as wearing sleeved clothes when adults are too rough, playing with adults are pulled arms, too naughty when adults forced control, even when the baby learns to roll over their torso on one side of the arm and forced to turn over, may also lead to subluxation of the radius. Therefore, parents must be sensitive to the baby's pain signal.

???????如上所說,生活還不能自理的孩子,爸媽給他們穿衣服時動作不夠輕緩,孩子的雙手容易在衣物里掰折;學步期身型不穩走路搖晃,甚至已經會走路了但由于身材矮小,有些粗心父母和孩子牽手走路時都容易忽略身高差和步速的因素,導致牽手時孩子手部被用力往上提,從而導致肘部脫位……這些情況都很容易造成橈骨小頭半脫位。

? ?? ?? ?? As mentioned above, children who can't take care of themselves when they are dressed by their parents are not slow enough, their hands are easy to break in their clothes, and their toddlers are unsteady and even able to walk, but because of their small size, some careless parents and children are prone to ignore the factors of height difference and walking speed when they walk hand in hand, resulting in the hand of the child's hand being pulled up hard and dislocated, resulting in the elbow part. These conditions can easily lead to subluxation of the radial head.

???????因為小孩的骨骼和軟組織發育未成熟,當它在特定體位受到外力牽引的時候,導致軟組織嵌頓在關節面,妨礙了橈骨小頭復位,從而需要進行醫學干預。

? ?? ?? ?? Because the child's bones and soft tissue are immature, when it is subjected to external traction in a particular position, the soft tissue is embedded on the articular surface, hindering the reduction of the radial head and thus requiring medical intervention.

???????如果寶寶發生肘部脫位,蔡保塔提醒各位爸媽千萬別擅自做主,自行掰正,雖然網上有很多教程,但除非有專業經驗,千萬不要自行處理,否則可能會加重寶寶病情。正確的做法是——固定寶寶脫位的部位,讓寶寶保持在舒適固定的姿勢,避免二次傷害,同時馬上送寶寶去醫院復位,復位之后,短期內要減少胳膊大幅度活動。如果寶寶肘部脫位得不到正確及時的處理,會造成肘部發育問題,所以一定要引起重視。

? ?? ?? ?? If the baby has a dislocation of the elbow, Cai Baota reminded your parents not to make decisions, self-bending, although there are a lot of online tutorials, but unless there is professional experience, do not handle on their own, or may aggravate the baby's condition. The correct approach is to fix the part of the baby's dislocation, keep the baby in a comfortable and fixed position, avoid secondary injury, and immediately send the baby to the hospital to reset, after the reduction, to reduce the arm movement in the short term. If the baby elbow dislocation cannot get the correct and timely treatment, will cause elbow development problems, so we must pay attention to.

???????1.牽寶寶的時候一定要微微彎腰,不要讓他的手臂伸得太直,減少手臂的拉力,為寶寶提供足夠的意外緩沖保護。

? ?? ?? ?? 1。 Be sure to bend slightly when holding the baby, do not let his arm stretch too straight, reduce the pull of the arm, provide enough accidental buffer protection for the baby.

???????2.當寶寶在前面跑,父母發現危險因素想要制止時,不能試圖站在原地用力拉住孩子,應該先跟著小跑起來,提供足夠緩沖。

? ?? ?? ?? 2。 When the baby is running in front and the parents find that the risk factor wants to stop, they can't try to stand there and pull the child hard, so they should follow the trot and provide enough buffer.