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為個人信息撐起保護傘
2020-01-06 23:27  www.korraniha.com

  2019年12月30日,國家網信辦等4部門聯合發布《App違法違規收集使用個人信息行為認定方法》(簡稱《方法》),明確9種行為可被認定為“未經用戶同意收集使用個人信息”。《方法》的出臺,無疑為人民群眾維權、監管者執法提供了有力保障。

On December 30,2019, four departments, including the State Network Information Office, jointly issued the \"App illegal collection and use of personal information behavior identification method \"(referred to as\" the method \"), making it clear that nine kinds of behavior can be identified as \"collection and use of personal information without the consent of users \". The introduction of the \"method \", no doubt for the people to protect rights, regulators to provide a strong guarantee of law enforcement.

  近年來,移動互聯網應用程序(App)得到廣泛應用,在促進經濟社會發展、服務民生等方面發揮了重要作用。同時,App強制授權、過度索權、超范圍收集個人信息等現象也大量存在,違法違規使用個人信息的問題十分突出,成為全社會普遍擔憂的問題。

In recent years, mobile Internet application program (App) has been widely used, which has played an important role in promoting economic and social development and serving the people's livelihood. At the same time, App compulsory authorization, excessive claims, beyond the scope of personal information collection and other phenomena also exist in large numbers, the problem of illegal use of personal information is very prominent, become the general concern of the whole society.

  手機App過度采集個人信息呈現普遍趨勢。根據2018年8月份中國消費者協會發布的《App個人信息泄露情況調查報告》,我國個人信息泄露總體情況比較嚴重,在共計5458份有效問卷中,有此遭遇的受訪者占比達%。

Mobile App over-collection of personal information shows a general trend. According to the \"App personal Information Disclosure Survey report\" issued by the Chinese Consumer Association in August 2018, the overall situation of personal information leakage in China is relatively serious, and the proportion of respondents with this experience in a total of 5458 valid questionnaires reached%.

  大范圍個人信息泄露引發了一系列違法犯罪行為。不法分子通過各種途徑收集被泄露出去的個人信息,經過篩選分析用戶特征,從事惡意注冊賬號、電信詐騙甚至綁架勒索等精準犯罪活動,嚴重威脅用戶的生命財產安全。

A wide range of personal information leaks have triggered a series of illegal and criminal acts. Illegal elements through various ways to collect leaked personal information, after screening and analysis of user characteristics, engaged in malicious registration of accounts, telecommunications fraud and even kidnapping extortion and other precision criminal activities, seriously threatening the safety of users'lives and property.

  個人安全意識薄弱和監管不到位是手機App引發個人信息泄露的主要原因。一方面,消費者與手機App服務提供商之間往往處于不對等的地位,只能同意或被迫同意格式條款和信息獲取權限;另一方面,消費者雖有自我保護意識,但缺乏有效的保護手段,不知如何有效保護自己。

Weak personal safety awareness and inadequate supervision are the main reasons for personal information disclosure caused by mobile App. On the one hand, consumers and mobile App service providers are often in an unequal position, can only agree or be forced to agree to the format terms and information access rights; on the other hand, consumers have a sense of self-protection, but lack effective means of protection, do not know how to effectively protect themselves.

  對于廣大用戶來說,該《方法》出臺可以清晰了解App是否在違規收集個人信息,可以有針對性地借此維護自己的權益,并向有關部門舉報,有利于增強其對網絡空間的信心;對于監管部門而言,《方法》出臺對認定某個App是否構成非法收集個人信息行為,有了科學依據,使得監管部門可有針對性地對App違規行為予以治理,有助于網絡安全法的相關要求真正落地并見實效,一定程度上有利于行業有序健康發展。

For the majority of users, the method can clearly understand whether the App is illegally collecting personal information, can be targeted to protect their rights and interests, and to report to the relevant departments, in order to enhance their confidence in cyberspace; for the regulatory authorities, the method has a scientific basis for determining whether an App constitutes an illegal collection of personal information, so that the regulatory authorities can be targeted to the App violations to help the relevant requirements of the Cyber Security Law really landing and see the actual results, to a certain extent conducive to the orderly and healthy development of the industry.

  當然,網絡監管和治理是一個系統性工程,不可能僅靠一個《方法》的出臺就能徹底解決問題,加之不法分子受利益驅使,不斷提高技術對抗能力逃避監管,打擊App違法違規行為將是一項長期、復雜的工作。

Of course, network regulation and governance is a systematic project, cannot rely on the introduction of a \"method\" to solve the problem completely, coupled with the interests of lawbreakers, constantly improve the technical resilience to avoid regulation, the fight against App violations will be a long-term, complex work.

  因此,有關部門應保持對違規違法App的高壓嚴打態勢,適時開展專項整治,督促企業落實主體責任,并常態化公布App違規收集個人信息的典型案例,對其他企業起到警示作用。同時,國家層面要加快立法進度,健全相關法律法規,為行業長遠發展提供穩健基礎。(王軼辰)

Therefore, the relevant departments should maintain the situation of high pressure and severe crackdown on illegal App, timely carry out special rectification, urge enterprises to implement the main responsibility, and regularly publish the typical cases of personal information collection by App violations, which will play a warning role for other enterprises. At the same time, the state level should speed up the progress of legislation, improve relevant laws and regulations, and provide a sound basis for the long-term development of the industry. (Wang Yichen)